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Community treatment order legislation in the Commonwealth 

Community treatment order legislation in the Commonwealth
Community treatment order legislation in the Commonwealth

John Dawson

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date: 08 December 2021

This chapter provides an overview of legislation governing the use of community treatment orders (CTOs)—that authorize compulsory outpatient treatment—in the UK, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. It focuses particularly on the cluster of powers that CTOs confer on community mental health teams, permitting them to continue supervising a person’s outpatient care. It covers the criteria, procedures, and structure of authority for a CTO, the conditions such an order can impose on a person’s community care, the role of statutory treatment plans, and the powers available to enforce the outpatient treatment regime, especially the power of recall to hospital—analysing and comparing the subtly different regimes enacted in these Commonwealth nations that share a common law tradition.

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