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Coercion in Europe 

Coercion in Europe
Coercion in Europe

Angelo Fioritti

and Thomas Marcacci

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date: 08 December 2021

Modern psychiatry developed in Europe with Pinel in the Enlightenment: the concept of human rights was first conceived and the first laws to protect citizens’ rights in psychiatry were introduced. However, Europe is also where some of the worst violations of human rights in psychiatry have taken place. Europe has developed several international institutions such as the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights. Their covenants, along with those from the United Nations, have repeatedly attempted to address the issue of freedom and coercion in medicine and in psychiatry. The World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe has paid extensive attention to coercion and human rights in psychiatry. Europe has a long history and tradition of mental health care and there are significant variations between countries in its delivery and legislation. This chapter outlines some key historical events and attitudes regarding coercion in European society ,with particular attention being paid to coercion in the community.

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