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The course and prognosis of adjustment disorders 

The course and prognosis of adjustment disorders
Chapter:
The course and prognosis of adjustment disorders
Author(s):

Patricia Casey

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198786214.003.0008
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date: 18 November 2019

The diagnostic stability of AD is questionable since there are no specific diagnostic criteria and many clinicians are not familiar with AD, mistaking it for some overlapping disorder. Case-register and inpatient records all identify poor stability, although this was not unique to AD and includes other non-psychotic disorders. The duration of hospitalization is shorter for those with AD than for those with other diagnoses, and a similar pattern has been observed for outpatient follow up. The prognosis for AD is described as good. Long-term follow-up studies show that a large proportion of patients are well and do not require readmission. Among adolescents, a diagnosis of AD may augur more serious underlying psychopathology, and they have higher readmission rates than adults with the diagnosis. AD is the most common diagnosis in those dying by suicide in some countries and it occurs earlier in the course of AD than in other diagnostic groups.

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