Show Summary Details
Page of



Manoj Sivan

, Margaret Phillips

, Ian Baguley

, and Melissa Nott

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 11 July 2020

The World Health Organization defines stroke as: ‘Rapidly developing signs of focal (or global) disturbance of cerebral function, lasting more than 24 hours or leading to death, with no apparent cause other than that of vascular origin’. This definition may be a little outdated with modern imaging techniques commonly diagnosing pathology at a very early stage or diagnosing old ‘silent’ infarcts. This chapter describes the epidemiology and different types of stroke and the diagnosis, prognosis, and secondary prevention of stroke are discussed. Stroke rehabilitation settings are then described, as well as the initial multidisciplinary team assessment, principles of stroke rehabilitation, and predictors of poorer functional prognosis. Rehabilitation for impairment of different functions are covered, describing upper and lower limb impairment, dysphagia and nutrition, speech impairments, visual impairments, and unilateral spatial neglect. The final section is on discharge planning.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.