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Traumatic brain injury 

Traumatic brain injury
Chapter:
Traumatic brain injury
Author(s):

Manoj Sivan

, Margaret Phillips

, Ian Baguley

, and Melissa Nott

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198785477.003.0026
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date: 09 July 2020

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a subset of acquired brain injuries, a larger grouping that includes acute-onset diseases such as stroke as well as degenerative conditions such as the dementing illnesses. TBI is often considered separately to other acquired brain injuries due to differences in its presentation and how treatment is approached. TBI occurs over an extremely broad range of severities, from concussion through to profound and life-threatening damage. As the injury becomes more severe, the affected individual has an increasing risk of experiencing lifelong and complex physical, behavioural, emotional, cognitive and social problems. This chapter describes mechanisms, severity, consequences, related conditions, and stages of rehabilitation.

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