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Orthotics 

Orthotics
Chapter:
Orthotics
Author(s):

Manoj Sivan

, Margaret Phillips

, Ian Baguley

, and Melissa Nott

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198785477.003.0021
Page of

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date: 11 July 2020

An orthosis is an externally applied device used to modify, support, or enhance the functional characteristics of a body segment. Other terminology used to describe orthoses includes splints, braces, and supports. Orthoses can be custom-made, or can be ordered ‘off the shelf’ as a prefabricated device, and can be fabricated from a variety of materials depending on the need for external support. The practice of orthotics can include selecting, prescribing, designing, fabricating, fitting, applying, and evaluating orthoses to achieve specific rehabilitation goals. This chapter covers various types of orthoses by body part and function, as well as recent advances in orthotics.

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