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Epidemiology 

Epidemiology
Chapter:
Epidemiology
Author(s):

Manoj Sivan

, Margaret Phillips

, Ian Baguley

, and Melissa Nott

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198785477.003.0002
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date: 11 July 2020

Epidemiology is the study of the frequency and distribution of disease, and of the causes, associations, and effects of those diseases. It allows us to think of how these aspects of a condition apply to whole populations. In rehabilitation, this can help with planning of rehabilitation services at international, national, regional, and local levels; identifying deficits in service provision to assist in advocacy and to highlight where change may be needed; comparing services in different areas in order to explore different models of practice; and identifying future trends. This chapter contains useful definitions and describes methods for collecting epidemiological data and factors that are affected for people with disabilities (participation, activities, cost of living, rehabilitation needs, etc.), covering the basics of epidemiology in rehabilitation medicine.

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