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Heart failure in women 

Heart failure in women
Heart failure in women

Vera Regitz-Zagrosek



Some novel concepts of HF and its therapy

Supra-normal EF is emerging as a new HF entity, mainly in women

Women apparently need lower doses of ACEI and beta-blockers than men and respond better to ARB/neprilysin inhibitors

Sex differences in effects of novel drugs and in adverse effects are rarely reported, even though the data are generally available in large RCTs.

Updated on 1 October 2020. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 18 April 2021

Heart failure in women frequently occurs at an older age than in men with less ischaemic aetiology and is more frequently characterized by preserved ejection function. Gene expression profiles in heart failure are different in both sexes. Sex-specific activation of ion channels may lead to differences in arrhythmia propensity, and QT prolongation. Women develop smaller and stiffer hearts under stress, whereas in men, eccentric hypertrophy seems to dominate. Imaging is crucial for the diagnosis, and cardiac dimensions should be normalized to body surface. Differences in medical therapy exist, and women are less frequently referred for resynchronization therapy and heart transplantation than men.

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