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Classification of bradyarrhythmias 

Classification of bradyarrhythmias
Classification of bradyarrhythmias

Bulent Gorenek

, and Gulmira Kudaiberdieva


April 23, 2020: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 27 October 2021

This chapter presents the classification of bradyarrhythmias by electrocardiography, electrophysiological and anatomical levels of blocks, clinical presentation, and aetiology. Sinus node dysfunction, including sinus bradycardia, sinus pause and sinus arrest, sinoatrial blocks, chronotropic incompetence, and bradycardia–tachycardia syndrome, and atrioventricular blocks are discussed. A comprehensive aetiology of bradyarrhythmias is presented, including congenital, acquired, and iatrogenic causes.

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