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Specific conditions 

Specific conditions
Chapter:
Specific conditions
Author(s):

Rob Forsyth

and Richard Newton

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198784449.003.0004
Page of

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date: 19 October 2019

This chapter adopts a systematic approach to common diagnoses in paediatric neurology, aetiologies, management to include investigation and treatment, and outcome. For each condition current knowledge on cause and underlying biology is summarized. A rational approach to investigation and treatment is summarized for each topic. These include: acquired brain injury; autoimmune and autoinflammatory disease of the CNS; cerebral palsy and neurodisability which covers feeding, communication, special senses, and respiratory disease; demyelinating disease; epilepsy including its impact on daily life; non-epileptic paroxysmal phenomena; functional illness, illness behaviour; headache; hydrocephalus; spina bifida and related disorders; idiopathic intracranial hypertension; infection of the CNS; congenital infection; mitochondrial disease; movement disorders; neuromuscular disease which covers neuropathy, anterior horn cell disease, and myasthenic syndromes; neurocutaneous syndromes; neurodegenerative conditions; late presentations of metabolic disease; neurotransmitter disorders; sleep disorders; stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage; tumours of the CNS; and vitamin-responsive disorders.

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