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Urological neoplasia 

Urological neoplasia
Urological neoplasia

John Reynard

, Simon F Brewster

, Suzanne Biers

, and Naomi Laura Neal

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date: 25 July 2021

This chapter contains 61 clearly titled sections covering the basic science of neoplasia, radiological assessment and management of the benign renal mass, and the rapidly developing fields concerning the diagnosis and treatment of the entire spectrum of childhood and adult urological cancers. The fourth edition of this chapter significantly updates the previous edition, in particular the most important randomized trial data and management guidelines (published between 2013 and 2017) on diagnostic approaches, surveillance, and surgical and oncological treatments of organ-confined and advanced prostate, renal cell, and bladder cancers. All new data are referenced, often using online web links, and follow recommended guidelines from highly respected authorities, notably the United Kingdom’s National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and the European Association of Urology (EAU).

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