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Urological investigations 

Urological investigations
Urological investigations

John Reynard

, Simon F Brewster

, Suzanne Biers

, and Naomi Laura Neal

Page of

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date: 30 July 2021

This chapter contains clearly titled sections covering the entire range of urological investigations, including assessment of renal function, urine investigations, and a range of imaging modalities. Ultrasound, computerized tomography scanning, magnetic resonance imaging, and isotope scans are discussed in detail. The fourth edition of this chapter also includes details of positron emission tomography scans and the indications for their use in urology, specifically in urological cancers. An overview of uroflowmetry, post-void residuals, and cystometry is also included. Detailed descriptions of each investigation are accompanied with illustrative examples, providing a clear overview of the wide range of urological investigations used in clinical practice.

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