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Basic science and renal transplant 

Basic science and renal transplant
Chapter:
Basic science and renal transplant
Author(s):

John Reynard

, Simon F Brewster

, Suzanne Biers

, and Naomi Laura Neal

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198783480.003.0018
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date: 30 October 2020

This chapter covers the basic physiological functions of the kidney, bladder, and urethra. Renal anatomy is detailed, including the anatomical relations of the kidney. Renal physiology is covered in detail, including the regulation of renal blood flow and regulation of water, acid–base, sodium, and potassium balance. It includes the principles of renal replacement therapy and the principles of renal transplantation, including assessment of both the recipient and the donor. Transplant surgery is outlined, including commonly used drugs and complications and their management and common complications of renal transplant surgery. The different types of organ rejection are discussed, including their treatments.

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