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Paediatric urology 

Paediatric urology
Paediatric urology

John Reynard

, Simon F Brewster

, Suzanne Biers

, and Naomi Laura Neal

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date: 01 August 2021

This chapter covers paediatric urology, and the fourth edition includes the latest guidelines and recommendations (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence 2013, British Association of Paediatric Urologists 2015). The embryology of the urinary and genital tracts is detailed. The presentation of undescended testes, vesicoureteric reflux, and urinary tract infection and their current management recommendations are included. New sections in the fourth edition include paediatric trauma, nephrolithiasis, uro-physiology, and the foreskin. Megaureter, ectopic ureter, and ureterocele are also covered in detail. Hypospadias and epispadias are covered. This chapter also includes the assessment and management of children with urinary incontinence and nocturnal enuresis.

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