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Laparoscopic and robotic urological surgery 

Laparoscopic and robotic urological surgery
Laparoscopic and robotic urological surgery

Suzanne Biers

, Noel Armenakas

, Alastair Lamb

, Stephen Mark

, John Reynard

, Mark Sullivan

, Kevin Turner

, and Ben Turney

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date: 09 December 2021

Laparoscopy has been a relatively recent development in the treatment of urological pathology. This chapter has been updated from previous editions to include a greater focus on robotic surgery. From a general overview of the history of laparoscopic and robotic surgery, it covers the essential equipment, methods of laparoscopic access, and basic skills before outlining the indications, contraindications, and operative techniques for 13 different operations.

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