Show Summary Details
Page of

Renal medicine 

Renal medicine
Renal medicine

Drew Provan

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 12 July 2020

This chapter reviews the investigations required for the diagnosis and classification of acute and chronic kidney diseases. Detailed guidance is provided on the choice of methods to measure or estimate the glomerular filtration rate and to quantify albuminuria/proteinuria. It offers a rational approach to the choice of blood and urine tests in the investigation of patients presenting with haematuria, proteinuria, renal tubular dysfunction, and disorders of acid–base balance. It reviews the pertinent radiological investigations used alongside specialist urine and immunology tests to aid diagnosis. There is a detailed review of the rational investigation of patients with recurrent kidney stone disease. Guidance is provided on laboratory investigation of suspected renal bone disease and on the role of renal biopsy in the investigation of kidney disease.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.