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Renal medicine 

Renal medicine
Chapter:
Renal medicine
Author(s):

Drew Provan

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198766537.003.0010
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date: 15 September 2019

This chapter reviews the investigations required for the diagnosis and classification of acute and chronic kidney diseases. Detailed guidance is provided on the choice of methods to measure or estimate the glomerular filtration rate and to quantify albuminuria/proteinuria. It offers a rational approach to the choice of blood and urine tests in the investigation of patients presenting with haematuria, proteinuria, renal tubular dysfunction, and disorders of acid–base balance. It reviews the pertinent radiological investigations used alongside specialist urine and immunology tests to aid diagnosis. There is a detailed review of the rational investigation of patients with recurrent kidney stone disease. Guidance is provided on laboratory investigation of suspected renal bone disease and on the role of renal biopsy in the investigation of kidney disease.

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