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Septal defects 

Septal defects
Septal defects

Sara Thorne

and Sarah Bowater

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date: 10 August 2020

This chapter explores atrial septal defects (ASDs), including ostium secundum ASD, ostium primum ASD, sinus venosus ASD, coronary sinus defect, and patent foramen ovale. Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are also discussed, including definition and incidence, cardiac associations, presentation, physical signs, investigation, and management. A further section explores atrioventricular septal defects (AVSDs), including associations, incidence and recurrence, clinical presentation, investigation, surgical management, and late complications after repair AVSD repair.

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