Show Summary Details
Page of

Acute coronary syndrome: STEMI and NSTEMI 

Acute coronary syndrome: STEMI and NSTEMI
Acute coronary syndrome: STEMI and NSTEMI

Abhiram Prasad

, and Claire Raphael



Chapter updated to include the latest 2020 ESC Guidelines for the management of acute coronary syndromes in patients presenting without persistent ST-segment elevation

Four new figures and two new tables included in the chapter

References and Further reading also updated

Updated on 15 December 2020. The previous version of this content can be found here.
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 29 November 2021

Management of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is dictated by clinical features and electrocardiographic findings. Morphine is used for pain relief. Sublingual or intravenous nitrates are administered to relieve ischaemia. Patients should be treated with dual antiplatelet medications, usually aspirin and one of clopidogrel, prasugrel, or ticagrelor. For ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, reperfusion therapy is with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) or thrombolysis for those presenting to non-PPCI centres who cannot have timely access to PPCI. For non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina, timing of angiography, and revascularization if indicated, is determined by the severity of ischaemia. All patients with ACS should be treated with secondary prevention medications, including antiplatelet therapy, statins, beta-blockers, and renin–angiotensin system inhibitors.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.