Show Summary Details
Page of

Pregnancy and lactation 

Pregnancy and lactation
Pregnancy and lactation

Anita Banerjee

, Debasish Banerjee

, and Vivekanand Jha


July 29, 2020: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 16 October 2021

Cardiovascular disease in pregnancy remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the developed world, congenital heart disease remains the most frequently encountered presentation, and in the developing world, it is rheumatic heart disease. However, with ageing of the maternal population and cardiovascular risk factors, women are presenting with familiar cardiac conditions such as heart failure. Pre-pregnancy counselling and appropriate and timely management lead to an optimal outcome for the mother and baby. This chapter describes the physiology and provides up-to-date guidance on drug therapy of cardiovascular disease in pregnancy.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.