Show Summary Details
Page of

The premature newborn 

The premature newborn
The premature newborn

John Puntis

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 31 May 2020

Infants born at 24 weeks’ gestation now have a 40% chance of survival, rising to 80% at 26 weeks. Many have difficulty tolerating enteral feeds because of gastrointestinal immaturity; during this time parenteral nutrition is commonly given. Undernutrition in the early weeks of life may have lasting effects on developmental outcomes and increase the risk of certain chronic diseases in adult life (e.g. hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes). Breast milk appears to confer some protection against necrotizing enterocolitis and be good for brain development. There has been a resurgence of investment in milk banks so that donor milk from nursing mothers in the community can be processed and given to preterm infants whose mothers cannot provide sufficient milk of their own. When breast milk is unavailable, preterm formula should be used, and following discharge from hospital (when many infants are showing a growth deficit), a nutrient-enriched formula can be given.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.