Show Summary Details
Page of

Breastfeeding 

Breastfeeding
Chapter:
Breastfeeding
Author(s):

John Puntis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198759928.003.0004
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 May 2020

Breastfeeding has many benefits to both mother and infant and the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life. Correct positioning of the baby at the breast and social and emotional support for the mother are among other factors that are important to successful breastfeeding. The ‘Baby Friendly’ initiative sets out ten steps to successful breastfeeding and encourages maternity hospitals to implement these and become accredited. The WHO ‘International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes’ gives clear guidance on acceptable practices to formula manufacturers so that breastfeeding is not undermined. ‘Tongue tie’ has increasingly become regarded as a cause of maternal pain and difficulty latching on during breastfeeds. However, estimates of prevalence show huge variation and there is no agreed standard method of assessment. In addition, the risks of frenotomy need to be balanced against any possible benefit.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.