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The anatomy of the female pelvis 

The anatomy of the female pelvis
Chapter:
The anatomy of the female pelvis
Author(s):

Natalie Greenwold

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198758563.003.0003
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date: 27 May 2020

A good knowledge of anatomy is pivotal to the development of surgical techniques and operator skills. This chapter reviews the basic anatomical knowledge required to perform a standard caesarean section. The chapter takes the reader through the anatomy of the female pelvis, in steps corresponding to the steps of the operation. This approach will enable the surgeon to fully appreciate the surgical risks and to optimize all steps of the operation in terms of minimal tissue disturbance. The key points of anatomy associated with operative risk and complications—particularly with respect to the bladder, the ureters, uterine arteries, and the vessels of the anterior abdominal wall—are highlighted with simple diagrams and illustrations. A review of resources for three-dimensional (3D) computer-based anatomy training is included, illustrating the scope for the huge evolution of anatomical training away from the cadaver.

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