Show Summary Details
Page of

Caesarean delivery and human evolution 

Caesarean delivery and human evolution
Chapter:
Caesarean delivery and human evolution
Author(s):

Michel Odent

and Eric Jauniaux

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198758563.003.0013
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 07 June 2020

Since one of the effects of modern medicine has been to neutralize the laws of natural selection, it is plausible that, from now on, the human capacity to give birth vaginally will decrease. The time has come to prepare for a possible new phase in the history of our species when most human beings are born by caesarean section. This phenomenon raises questions about a possible evolution of Homo sapiens in relation to the modes of birth, and there is increasing evidence-based information on the impact of high rates of caesarean on modern humans from many different scientific disciplines, including epigenetics, metagenomic microbiology, and primal health research. All these disciplines present the perinatal period as critical in the postnatal development of human children. In the current chapter, the authors present the latest information on the impact of caesarean delivery on the encephalization quotient, the newborn microbiome, and the materno-fetal endocrinology system.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.