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Volume assessment and fluid responsiveness 

Volume assessment and fluid responsiveness
Chapter:
Volume assessment and fluid responsiveness
Author(s):

Claire Colebourn

and Jim Newton

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198757160.003.0007
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date: 21 November 2019

This chapter looks in detail at the assessment of fluid responsiveness using transthoracic echocardiography. It includes an explanation of static and dynamic markers of fluid responsiveness and a description of the importance of heart–lung interaction in understanding fluid responsiveness. It provides a step-by-step guide to the different techniques available for assessment and looks closely at how this assessment varies according to whether the patient is spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated.

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