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The pericardium 

The pericardium
The pericardium

Claire Colebourn

and Jim Newton

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date: 18 June 2021

This chapter looks in detail at the anatomy and physiology of the pericardium and the implications of pericardial fluid on haemodynamics in the critically unwell patient. Specific focus is given to making the diagnosis of tamponade in the spontaneously ventilating patient, compared to patients who are intubated and mechanically ventilated.

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