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Feeding 

Feeding
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date: 19 October 2019

This chapter considers all aspects of breastfeeding. The latest Baby Friendly Initiative standards are detailed, along with the advantages of, and contraindications to, breastfeeding. The constituents of breast milk and their role in infant nutrition are identified. Recently recognized changes in the structure of the lactating breasts are presented. There are detailed sections on the management and support of breastfeeding. Practices shown to be detrimental to successful breastfeeding are highlighted. Expression of breast milk and breastfeeding and returning to work are fully explained, as well as discontinuation of breastfeeding. Common problems encountered whilst breastfeeding are considered, including sore/cracked nipples, engorgement, blocked ducts, mastitis, breast refusal, insufficient milk supply, and Candida infection (thrush). Breastfeeding in special situations is also explored. The importance of correct nutrition and breastfeeding is reviewed.

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