Show Summary Details
Page of



Janet Medforth

, Linda Ball

, Angela Walker

, Sue Battersby

, and Sarah Stables

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 24 September 2020

This chapter considers all aspects of breastfeeding. The latest Baby Friendly Initiative standards are detailed, along with the advantages of, and contraindications to, breastfeeding. The constituents of breast milk and their role in infant nutrition are identified. Recently recognized changes in the structure of the lactating breasts are presented. There are detailed sections on the management and support of breastfeeding. Practices shown to be detrimental to successful breastfeeding are highlighted. Expression of breast milk and breastfeeding and returning to work are fully explained, as well as discontinuation of breastfeeding. Common problems encountered whilst breastfeeding are considered, including sore/cracked nipples, engorgement, blocked ducts, mastitis, breast refusal, insufficient milk supply, and Candida infection (thrush). Breastfeeding in special situations is also explored. The importance of correct nutrition and breastfeeding is reviewed.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.