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Normal labour: third stage 

Normal labour: third stage
Chapter:
Normal labour: third stage
Author(s):

Janet Medforth

, Linda Ball

, Angela Walker

, Sue Battersby

, and Sarah Stables

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198754787.003.0018
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date: 19 October 2019

The third stage of labour and its various managements are considered in this chapter, initially looking at the importance of informed choice with regard to this period of labour and birth and then the risks associated with this time. The chapter then discusses active management versus physiological management of the third stage; these methods are considered with birth on dry land or in a birthing pool. The chapter then looks at the repair of the perineum, considering the various categories of tears and the care of the woman to be given. The repair is discussed stage by stage, along with diagrams to ensure the learner has clarity with regard to this technical procedure. Finally the examination of the placenta and membranes is covered, looking at the normal and the recognition of the abnormal.

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