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Employment 

Employment
Chapter:
Employment
Author(s):

Tom Burns

, and Mike Firn

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198754237.003.0023
Page of

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date: 20 August 2019

Employment rates for people with severe mental illness are low. Stigma and dependency on welfare benefits act as barriers to employment. The case for the promotion of employment opportunities is driven by the recovery approach but also by economics. This chapter presents the principles and relative evidence base for the effectiveness of pre-vocational training, clubhouses, sheltered employment, and more direct intervention programmes such as individual placement and support. Case studies are used to provide a practical approach and to illustrate the focus on patients’ strengths, not deficits, concerning employment.

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