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Transthoracic echocardiography, sonoanatomy, and standard views 

Transthoracic echocardiography, sonoanatomy, and standard views
Chapter:
Transthoracic echocardiography, sonoanatomy, and standard views
Author(s):

Conn Russell

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198749080.003.0005
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date: 21 May 2022

This chapter will describe all the standard focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) views, including the anatomical structures one should expect to see and, importantly, how to obtain and optimize these images to extract the best diagnostic information. It will discuss the cardiac axis, probe handling, and pitfalls in image acquisition. The advanced section will introduce additional views, which are used in comprehensive echocardiography, because some are obtained inadvertently during FoCUS scanning and can be used to guide the operator back to standard views.

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