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Acute respiratory distress syndrome 

Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Chapter:
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Author(s):

Kelly Victor

, Justin Kirk-Bayley

, and Nicholas Ioannou

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198749080.003.0027
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date: 19 January 2022

This chapter will review the targets for ultrasound assessment, including biventricular function, extravascular water, and systemic volume assessment. Importantly, it will discuss how to differentiate cardiogenic from non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema, how to recognize acute cor pulmonale, and when to look for a patent foramen ovale. The advanced section will introduce Doppler-based methods to evaluate right ventricular systolic function and pulmonary arterial systolic pressure, which can both become compromised in acute respiratory distress syndrome.

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