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Haemodynamic instability 

Haemodynamic instability
Chapter:
Haemodynamic instability
Author(s):

Lewis Gray

, and Craig Morris

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198749080.003.0020
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date: 06 December 2021

This chapter will discuss how two-dimensional echo can be used to evaluate ventricular performance in terms of preload (volume status), systolic function (pump status), and filling pressure (pressure status). Using these parameters, it will describe an integrative approach to haemodynamic assessment that categorizes the patient into one of seven characteristic states that become immediately recognizable. It will also present useful practical tips on using echo in clinical practice and avoiding its pitfalls.

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