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Intravascular volume and cardiac output assessment 

Intravascular volume and cardiac output assessment
Intravascular volume and cardiac output assessment

Prashant Parulekar

, and Tim Harris

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date: 26 October 2021

This chapter will focus on two-dimensional echo techniques that can detect potential hypovolaemia and hypervolaemia. It will discuss both dynamic and static parameters and how these may help to predict fluid responsiveness and fluid tolerance, respectively. The advanced section will then introduce established Doppler-based echo techniques that can be used to estimate stroke volume and guide volume resuscitation, as well as novel approaches currently under investigation.

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