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The current classification of bipolar disorders 

The current classification of bipolar disorders
The current classification of bipolar disorders

Gin S. Malhi

and Yulisha Byrow

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date: 02 July 2022

The current chapter describes and critically appraises the diagnosis of bipolar disorders in relation to widely used classification systems; namely, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (DSM-5) and the International Classification of Diseases (10th revision) (ICD-10). In addition, it overviews the diagnostic criteria in relation to the draft version of ICD-11. Patients with bipolar disorder experience extreme fluctuations in mood ranging from depression to mania and, because of the complex nature of the illness, diagnosis remains a clinical challenge. Recent iterations of DSM and ICD have attempted to harmonize taxonomy; however, notable differences remain. These differences are likely to impact the assessment and diagnosis of bipolar disorder and could potentially result in disparate epidemiological findings. Thus, practitioners and researchers alike need to apply careful clinical consideration when assessing those with bipolar disorder.

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