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Laboratory testing in gout diagnosis and management 

Laboratory testing in gout diagnosis and management
Chapter:
Laboratory testing in gout diagnosis and management
Author(s):

Nicola Dalbeth

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198748311.003.0006
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date: 23 October 2019

Gout typically presents as recurrent flares of acute self-limiting arthritis. The acute gout flare is characterized by severe joint inflammation. In the presence of prolonged untreated hyperuricaemia, some people with gout may develop gouty tophi, which cause retracted joint movement, ulceration, and joint damage. The differential diagnosis for gout includes septic arthritis (which may co-exist with gout), joint injury, calcium pyrophosphate deposition, basic calcium phosphate arthritis or tendinitis, reactive arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis.

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