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Hepatitis viruses (excluding hepatitis C virus) 

Hepatitis viruses (excluding hepatitis C virus)
Chapter:
Hepatitis viruses (excluding hepatitis C virus)
Author(s):

Matthew Cramp

, Ashwin Dhanda

, and Nikolai V. Naoumov

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0096
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date: 25 February 2021

Viral hepatitis is an ancient disease which remains a major health problem worldwide. The group of hepatitis viruses includes five unrelated human viruses (A to E), which differ in their genome organization, biology, and epidemiology, while being united by their hepatotropism. About 10–15% of cases of viral hepatitis are considered as non-A to E hepatitis, whose aetiology is still unknown, but the search for which has led to the identification of several new viruses (e.g. hepatitis G virus or GB virus-C, TT, and SEN viruses) of uncertain pathogenic significance. Thus, the search for new hepatitis agents responsible for the small proportion of cases with cryptogenic hepatitis continues.

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