Show Summary Details
Page of

Papillomaviruses and polyomaviruses 

Papillomaviruses and polyomaviruses
Chapter:
Papillomaviruses and polyomaviruses
Author(s):

Raphael P. Viscidi

, Chen Sabrina Tan

, and Carole Fakhry

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0094
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 07 March 2021

There are nearly 200 human papillomavirus types that infect epithelia of skin and mucous membranes. They infect only humans, and cause conditions including the following:

skin warts and verrucas, which are caused by types 1 and 2; infection initiated when, after minor skin abrasions, for example, the basal cells of the epithelium come in contact with infectious virus;

anogenital warts, which are caused by types 6 and 11; transmitted by direct sexual contact, these are the most common sexually transmitted infection; present clinically as multiple exophytic lesions or as subclinical flat lesions. They can be treated topically with podophyllin or imiquimod, or by ablative surgical methods. Recurrences are common. A highly efficacious prophylactic vaccine is available.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.