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Flaviviruses excluding dengue 

Flaviviruses excluding dengue
Chapter:
Flaviviruses excluding dengue
Author(s):

Shannan Lee Rossi

, and Nikos Vasilakis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0089
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date: 07 March 2021

The family Flaviviridae currently consists of four recognized genera: Flavivirus, Pestivirus, Hepacivirus, and Pegivirus. Although members of the family have a large host range that includes both vertebrates and invertebrates, only members of the genus Flavivirus are known as arboviruses, vectored either by mosquitoes or ticks. The remaining genera in the family are exclusively found in mammals, and their diversity has greatly expanded with recent virus discoveries. The genus Flavivirus comprises 92 virus species, of which over 40 can cause human infection. Many of these include important human pathogens such as Zika, dengue, yellow fever, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis virus.

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