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Sport and exercise medicine 

Sport and exercise medicine
Chapter:
Sport and exercise medicine
Author(s):

Cathy Speed

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0645
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date: 05 March 2021

Physical activity through sport can promote health and well-being but can result in injury, illness, or both. Understanding the patient, their ideas, expectations, and concerns, their sporting goals, sporting level, psychology, and past history is essential to ensuring adherence to any management programme. The scope of sport and exercise medicine includes (1) injuries, including those impacting bone health; (2) illness in and caused by sport, ranging from sudden cardiac death to overtraining syndromes and exertional heat illnesses; (3) drugs in sport and doping—all high-performance athletes and associated staff need to be educated about the World Anti-Doping Association code, the dangers of doping, and testing protocols; and (4) exercise as medicine, which is an important part of most disease prevention and management strategies.

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