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Bipolar disorder 

Bipolar disorder
Chapter:
Bipolar disorder
Author(s):

Kate E.A. Saunders

, and John Geddes

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0633
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date: 07 March 2021

Bipolar disorder is a highly heritable, lifelong, relapsing, and remitting chronic mental illness. While traditionally characterized as a disorder with distinct periods of elated and depressed mood, it is now clear that interepisode mood instability is common. Comorbid psychiatric and medical conditions are common. When occurring in medical settings mania can be both disruptive and hazardous, and may require active psychiatric management. Pharmacological approaches are the mainstay of treatment, although adjunctive psychotherapies are helpful in preventing relapse. Compulsory detention in hospital using mental health law may sometimes be required for both manic and depressive states.

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