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Depressive disorder 

Depressive disorder
Chapter:
Depressive disorder
Author(s):

Joseph Cerimele

, and Lydia Chwastiak

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0632
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date: 28 July 2021

Depression is a common psychiatric illness seen by physicians. It not only greatly impairs quality of life, but also frequently complicates chronic medical conditions such as diabetes. Despite being common and clinically important it is frequently insufficiently treated, hence it is important to seek the symptoms of depression in all patients with chronic medical conditions. When found, the physician has an important role in explaining the nature of depression and its treatment to the patient. Treatment is with antidepressant drugs and/or psychological treatment. When assessing depressed patients, it is always important to assess for suicide risk. Complex cases, failure to respond to initial treatment, or concern about suicide risk, indicate the need for referral to a psychiatrist.

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