Show Summary Details
Page of

Muscular dystrophy 

Muscular dystrophy
Muscular dystrophy

Kate Bushby

, and Chiara Marini-Bettolo

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 March 2021

Muscular dystrophy is not a single disease. Many different types of muscular dystrophy can be recognized: all are primary, genetically determined disorders of muscle and all cause muscle weakness and wasting, which is usually progressive. Muscular dystrophies are primary, genetically determined disorders of muscle. All cause muscle weakness, which is usually progressive. They are challenging to classify, but clinical characteristics can be combined with genetic and molecular information to obtain a useful operational nomenclature for prognosis and family counselling. In general, diagnosis is guided by the age at which clinical manifestations appear, the distribution of weakness, and the rate at which muscle function is lost, but unusual features such as muscle pain and rhabdomyolysis may also contribute to the identification of a particular hereditary muscle disorder.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.