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Subcortical structures: The cerebellum, basal ganglia, and thalamus 

Subcortical structures: The cerebellum, basal ganglia, and thalamus
Subcortical structures: The cerebellum, basal ganglia, and thalamus

Mark J. Edwards

, and Penelope Talelli

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date: 25 February 2021

Less is known of the function of the cerebellum, thalamus, and basal ganglia than of other structures in the brain, but there is an increasing appreciation of their complex role in motor and non-motor functions of the entire nervous system. These structures exercise functions that far exceed their previously assumed supporting parts as simple ‘relay stations’ between cortex and spinal cord. The subcortical structures receive massive different inputs from the cerebral cortex and peripheral sense organs and stretch receptors. Through recurrent feedback loops this information is integrated and shaped to provide output which contributes to scaling, sequencing, and timing of movement, as well as learning and automatization of motor and non-motor behaviours.

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