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Eye movements and balance 

Eye movements and balance
Chapter:
Eye movements and balance
Author(s):

Michael Strupp

, and Thomas Brandt

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0582
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date: 05 March 2021

The disorders underlying vertigo and dizziness are often combined with disturbances of eye movements; reciprocal effects occur because of the anatomical and functional overlap of the vestibular and ocular motor systems. Therefore, both systems must always be tested in patients complaining of vertigo and dizziness. Using a systematic approach it is possible to make a correct diagnosis in more than 90% of patients. The history is of special importance and one should already have an idea, from the symptoms reported by the patient, what the underlying cause of the vertigo is in order to differentiate the different forms of peripheral, central and functional vestibular vertigo/dizziness and non-vestibular forms.

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