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Imaging in neurological diseases 

Imaging in neurological diseases
Chapter:
Imaging in neurological diseases
Author(s):

Andrew J. Molyneux

, Shelley Renowden

, and Marcus Bradley

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0571
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date: 07 March 2021

The modern imaging techniques of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging for the demonstration of structural neurological disease have developed rapidly since their first introduction in the 1970s and 1980s, respectively. They have undergone further technological evolution, particularly in the last 10 years, and continue to do so. A variety of both computed tomography- and magnetic resonance imaging-based techniques can provide anatomical, angiographic, and functional information. In addition, biochemical data may be obtained using magnetic resonance spectroscopy and microstructural information can be obtained using diffusion tensor imaging. The choice between computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging depends on several factors. This chapter explains the various applications of both techniques and the situations that can call for either, or both.

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