Show Summary Details
Page of

Antiglomerular basement membrane disease 

Antiglomerular basement membrane disease
Antiglomerular basement membrane disease

Mårten Segelmark

, and Thomas Hellmark

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2021

Antiglomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease, also known as Goodpasture’s disease, is a rare autoimmune kidney and/or lung disease caused by autoantibodies directed against the noncollagenous, C-terminal domain of the α‎3 chain of type IV collagen (α‎3(IV)NC1). Epidemiology—bimodal age distribution with peaks in the third and sixth/seventh decades; incidence 0.5 to 2/million population/year. Clinical features—typically presents as a renopulmonary syndrome with the combination of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and lung haemorrhage, but can present with isolated glomerulonephritis. Pathology—light microscopy typically reveals crescent formation, often in more than 80% of glomeruli, with linear staining of IgG along the GBM. Management—aside from supportive care, this typically consists of (1) stopping the inflammatory process with high doses of corticosteroid, (2) removal of the pathogenic antibodies by plasma exchange, and (3) stopping production of new antibodies with cyclophosphamide. It is controversial whether patients presenting with dialysis dependency and no pulmonary disease benefit from immunosuppression. Prognosis—recent series report mortality at 6 to 12 months of 7 to 36%, with patients’ survival mainly dependent on age and renal function at diagnosis. The most important factor in renal prognosis is the glomerular filtration rate at diagnosis, which is strongly correlated to the proportion of crescents seen in the renal biopsy. Very few patients with dialysis dependency at diagnosis regain enough function to become dialysis independent (0–7% most series). Patients do not need long-term immunosuppression, and the disease rarely recurs. Renal transplantation is safe if performed after autoantibodies have been suppressed or naturally disappeared.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.