Show Summary Details
Page of

Pulmonary complications of HIV infection 

Pulmonary complications of HIV infection
Pulmonary complications of HIV infection

Julia Choy

, and Anton Pozniak

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 March 2021

Most HIV-positive individuals will experience at least one significant episode of pulmonary disease during their lifetime. The immune status of the HIV-infected patient is the primary determinant of the risk of developing specific pulmonary diseases: those with advanced immunosuppression are predisposed to opportunistic infections and malignancies; those with mild or no immunosuppression are at greater risk of conditions including community-acquired pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary hypertension, and interstitial lung disease. Pulmonary infections related to HIV infection with severe immunosuppression include Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, tuberculosis, and fungal infections including aspergillosis and cryptococcosis. Lung malignancies related to HIV infection with severe immunosuppression include Kaposi’s sarcoma and lymphoma, which is typically non-Hodgkin’s B-cell lymphoma or primary effusion lymphoma (also caused by HHV-8).

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.