Show Summary Details
Page of

The clinical presentation of respiratory disease 

The clinical presentation of respiratory disease
Chapter:
The clinical presentation of respiratory disease
Author(s):

Samuel Kemp

, and Julian Hopkin

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0398
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 February 2021

Respiratory disease can present in many ways, with variations attributable to many factors. The clinical presentation directs diagnostic hypothesis making, the choice of diagnostically discriminating investigations, and the most appropriate management. If a detailed history is not taken, the patient not observed carefully and examined diligently, and the information from these sources is not analysed correctly, then inappropriate investigation and management is likely. Common symptoms of respiratory disease are breathlessness, cough, haemoptysis, and pleuritic chest pain, details of which can point to particular diagnoses. An account of environmental exposures at work and home, and of family history, is critically important in some cases. In chronic respiratory disease, where breathlessness and disability are to be assessed, walking with the patient and observing exercise tolerance and distress (and pulse oximetry) can provide valuable information.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.