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Cardiac arrest 

Cardiac arrest
Chapter:
Cardiac arrest
Author(s):

Gavin D. Perkins

, Jasmeet Soar

, Jerry P. Nolan

, and David A. Gabbott

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0385
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date: 28 July 2021

Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of sudden cardiac arrest, which causes over 60% of adult coronary heart disease deaths. Most cardiac arrests are preventable. Survival depends on early recognition and prompt initiation of chest compressions and ventilations (cardiopulmonary resuscitation), and early defibrillation if appropriate. High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation is defined by compressions to a depth of 5–6 cm, at a rate of 100–120 per minute, full release of pressure between compressions and minimal interruptions to chest compression. Drugs have a limited role in treating cardiac arrest. If initial resuscitation is successful the quality of post-resuscitation care determines the patient’s final outcome. Use emergency care treatment plans to record in advance, recommendations for emergency treatments, including CPR.

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