Show Summary Details
Page of

Coronary heart disease: Epidemiology and prevention 

Coronary heart disease: Epidemiology and prevention
Coronary heart disease: Epidemiology and prevention

Goodarz Danaei

, and Kazem Rahimi

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2021

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is now the leading cause of death and disability globally. Despite recent declines in age-adjusted death rates from CHD, the number of CHD deaths have been increasing due to a combination of growth in population numbers and their longevity. In addition, manifestation and outcome of CHD varies substantially between and within countries. Unlike many other common medical conditions that disable and kill and remain unpreventable, CHD is to a large extent preventable. There are strong, unconfounded relationships between several risk factors and CHD mortality and non-fatal myocardial infarction. The most important risk factors for CHD are smoking, high blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, diabetes, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and obesity. Controlling these risk factors, even in middle-aged individuals, through lifestyle changes, medical treatment, or public health interventions, may reduce CHD incidence by almost one-half.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.